# Parabolic SAR: Trading Strategies & Calculation

## Parabolic SAR: Trading Strategies & Calculation

Multiply the difference by the AF (Acceleration Factor – determines the sensitivity of the SAR) and add the result to the current SAR to obtain the SAR for the next day. B. If entered Short (downtrend), the EP is the highest price reached while in the previous Long trade. A. If entered Long (uptrend), the EP is the lowest price reached while in the previous Short trade. To complete all these strategies, the risk on each trade must be managed, and you should avoid taking a position size that is too large for your account. By using a stop-loss order, you can prevent capital loss if the price does not move in a favourable direction.

• A dot underneath a candle is generally a sign of an uptrend, and a dot above the candle can signal an incoming bearish movement.
• If you wanted to set a take profit, you could base it on either waiting for a potential reversal, or the closing of the dots which signals a weakening trend.
• The indicator uses a trailing stop and reverse method called “SAR,” or stop and reverse, to identify suitable exit and entry points.
• If a new low is not made, continue to use the AF as it was last increased.

The indicator will reverse too often if the step is set too high. Traders may also factor in candlestick patterns or moving averages. For example, price falling below a major moving average can be taken as a separate confirmation of a sell signal given by the parabolic SAR. Usually, this is set initially to a value of 0.02, but can be chosen by the trader.

## Combine Parabolic SAR with other indicators

A lower step moves SAR further from price, which makes a reversal less likely. Similarly, SAR sensitivity can be increased by increasing the step. A higher step moves SAR closer to the price action, which makes a reversal more likely.

However, by using two PSAR indicators, traders can get accurate signals even in ranging and consolidating markets. With one PSAR to gauge the trend and a second to mark entry and exit points, parabolic sar meaning a double parabolic SAR strategy operates on two different timeframes. The longer time frame tracks the overall trend, while trades are made based on signals from the shorter SAR.

## How much does trading cost?

The major drawback of the indicator is that it will provide little analytical insight or good trade signals during sideways market conditions. Without a clear trend, the indicator will constantly flip-flop above and below the price. This type of price action can last all day, so if a day trader relies solely on the parabolic SAR for trade signals, it could be a https://www.bigshotrading.info/ big losing day. Not only did this fly in the face of buy-and-hold theorists, but it also contradicted the beliefs of efficient market theorists. Rest assured, the parabolic SAR is no game-changer, but it’s certainly an integral part of any trader’s toolkit. Besides assisting in finding trend direction and reversals, it can also help detect the trend’s momentum.

• It is used to identify a particular trend, and it attempts to forecast trend continuations and potential trend reversals.
• This higher reading produced extra reversals in early February and early April.
• When a stock is rising, move the stop-loss to match the parabolic SAR indicator.
• Using SAR function from Ta-Lib library to calculate the parabolic.
• The price below a long-term moving average suggests that the sellers are in control of the direction and that the recent SAR sell signal could be the beginning of another wave lower.
• Two cents or two pips (percentages in point)​​ above the swing or below the swing low is adequate.

Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 68% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading spread bets and CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. The parabolic SAR provides several basic functions that include providing trend direction, entry and exit signals, and acting as a trailing stop-loss​​. These basic functions can be further enhanced into a strategy by adding some additional rules. The breakout strategy requires isolating the overall visual trend direction.

## The Indicator

If the uptrend​ on the daily chart was spotted earlier, then additional trades could well have been made. The profitability of trades is the difference between the entry and exit, highlighted by the green boxes. ​This double parabolic SAR strategy is beneficial because it only takes trades in the direction of the longer-term trend, which are more powerful than short-term trends. If the uptrend on the daily chart was spotted earlier, then additional trades could well have been made.

Like any charting indicator, the parabolic SAR works equally well in any time frame. To determine which time frame works best, you should consider your trading strategy. Day traders may use one-minute, five-minute, or one-hour time frames, while swing traders may use daily, weekly, or monthly time frames. In an uptrend, it continuously rises, protecting profits as prices increase. Thus, it serves to identify and confirm the trend direction and can indicate potential reversal points. The default parameters are 0.02 for the Starting Step and 0.20 for the Maximum Step.

## Better to use as an exit indicator

A. Find the difference between the lowest price made while in the trade (EP) and the SAR on its current day. Multiply the difference by the AF and add the result to the current SAR to obtain the SAR for tomorrow. This is a straightforward strategy based on parabolic SAR and Ichimoku cloud. But there are things which you need to take care during backtesting such as stop-loss, slippage. Now it’s your turn to tweak the code and make it more close to the live environment.

On MT4, “Step” is the equivalent of the Acceleration Factor, which has a default setting of 0.02. Maximum is the Maximum Acceleration, and it has a similar default value of 0.2. Learn more about the platform by registering for a free MT4 account.